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Spine of Notes on the State of Virginia

He serves on the Virginia State Bar Council and has served as a special assistant U.S.

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Notes on the State of Virginia - Wikipedia

Notes on the State of Virginia, by , is at once a compendium of information about the state and a sweeping commentary on natural history, society, , education, , , liberty, and . Many consider it the most important American book written before 1800. Jefferson originally composed the work in 1781 in answer to queries posed by a French diplomat, and then revised and expanded it into a description and defense of the young United States as interpreted through a Virginia lens. The book is divided into twenty-three chapters, largely taken from the diplomat's queries, though Jefferson reordered and renumbered them. Notes was first published in Paris in 1785 in an edition of 200. Both a French translation, published in 1786, and the widely circulated London edition of 1787 incorporated important structural changes and a detailed map. Notes on the State of Virginia wrested the interpretation of the young American nation from European critics and intellectuals and offered an eloquent indigenous voice. It profoundly influenced European understanding of the United States, as well as American views of Virginia. It established Jefferson's international reputation as a serious scientist, a man of letters, and the principal spokesman for his "country," whether Virginia or the United States; his discursive text, ranging over the entire continent, implicitly blurred the distinction between the two. As the most detailed and influential portrait of any state or region of the United States for generations, Notes ensured that Virginia would be a primary focus of future studies of the American republic. The book contains Jefferson's most powerful indictments of ; it is also a foundational text of racism.

Notes on the State of Virginia (1785) is a book written by Thomas

Spent a lot of time today reviewing my copy of Thomas Jefferson’s Notes on the state of Virginia as I prepare for a Graduate Class discussion and in particular his thoughts on religion. As we know, Jefferson was one of the main proponents of religious freedom and one of those who demanded that the Constitution have something that protects the rights of individuals to practice whatever religion they so chose. Anyway, here are some key points made by Jefferson:

Slavery in Notes On the State of Virginia: …

One answer is Virginia’s often quoted statement that

Marbois did not receive Jefferson's responses until April 1782, and of his "inexpressible pleasure" for "the candor and frankness on those subjects which politicians of narrow vision call secrets of State"—reflecting among other factors Jefferson's detailed descriptions of Virginia's waterways and deficient defenses, and meticulous tabular account of the state's militia strength by county.

The vast majority of English explorers/colonists who came to Virginia were Protestants and nationalists. The idea that there should be a separation between church and state, that government should be secular and individuals left free to choose their own personal faith, was far in the future. The Europeans who arrived in Virginia considered it a natural way of life that the English would displace the Native Americans, as well as prevent settlement in Virginia by French and Spanish Catholics.

Notes on the State of Virginia (1785) - Encyclopedia Virginia

LibraryWeaks, Mabel Clare, The Preston and Virginia papers of the Draper collection of manuscripts, State Historical Society of Wisconsin.

Without Jefferson's permission, the printers Pritchard and Hall struck the first American edition in Philadelphia in 1788. Mathew Carey published the first authorized American edition in 1794. In 1797, Jefferson published "An Appendix to the Notes on Virginia Relative to the Murder of Logan's Family," subsequently revised, which appeared in the 1800 edition and most editions after that.

If you visit one of the colonial Virginia mansions, tour guides will talk about the Carter, Lee, Randolph, Bolling, and occasionally even the Grymes family as "First Families of Virginia" (FFV's) The FFV's were the gentry - the white, Anglo-Saxon, Protestant gentry - who governed the economic, social, and political life of colonial Virginia between 1607-1776. "Colonial" is the time between when Jamestown was settled in 1607 and 1776, when a special convention of colonial leaders declared Virginia to be an independent state.

Graham, James, The Life of General Daniel Morgan
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  • Notes on the State of Virginia (1785) Contributed by Robert P

    J., The Revolution in Virginia, Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston and New York, 1916From "New River Notes".

  • Notes on the State of Virginia - Mega Essays

    Greg, Percy, History of the United States from the Foundation of Virginia to the Reconstruction of the Union, Vol.I, W.

  • Notes on the State of Virginia | Thomas Jefferson's …

    SLAVERY IN NOTES ON THE STATE OF VIRGINIA: UNDERSTANDING COMPLEXITY Christopher Martin ENG 404 Dr

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In the Notes on Virginia Jefferson at one time or another ..

This was the other topic over which Jefferson anticipated conflict. In Query XIV, "Laws," Jefferson discussed his proposal for the emancipation and removal of Virginia's slaves. (He never introduced this plan to a lawmaking body.) In a long passage he explained why freed blacks could not remain: "Deep rooted prejudices entertained by the whites; ten thousand recollections, by the blacks, of the injuries they have sustained; new provocations; the real distinctions which nature has made; and many other circumstances, will divide us into parties, and produce convulsions which will probably never end but in the extermination of the one or the other race." In addition to these "political" reasons, Jefferson added the aesthetic ones of "colour, figure, and hair," and presented a set of distinctions "proving a difference of race." He further argued that blacks were inferior to whites in reason and imagination: "This unfortunate difference of colour, and perhaps of faculty, is a powerful obstacle to the emancipation of these people." The historian Merrill Peterson aptly characterized Jefferson's bias toward African Americans as "a product of frivolous and tortuous reasoning" in his book Thomas Jefferson and the New Nation (1970), dismissing his pseudoscientific judgments as "thinly disguised statements of folk belief about Negroes." Jefferson's emancipation plan, moreover, was stupendously expensive for a state famous for its parsimony.

Learners take notes on what makes a thesis statement and a ..

Jefferson responded to Marbois's Query XVIII, "The particular customs and manners that may happen to be received in that state," with a discussion of the "unhappy influence" of slavery on Virginia: "The whole commerce between master and slave is a perpetual exercise of the most boisterous passions, the most unremitting despotism on the one part, and degrading submissions on the other …. The man must be a prodigy who can retain his manners and morals, undepraved by such circumstances; and with what execration should the statesman be loaded, who permitting one half of the citizens thus to trample on the rights of the other, transforms those into despots, and these into enemies; destroys the morals of the one part, and the amor patriæ of the other." (It is noteworthy that Jefferson here describes slaves as citizens.) In considering the potential consequences of slavery, Jefferson adopted his most apocalyptic tone: "Indeed I tremble for my country when I reflect that God is just: that his justice cannot sleep for ever: that … a revolution of the wheel of fortune, an exchange of situation, is among possible events: that it may become probable by supernatural interference! The Almighty has no attribute which can take side with us in such a contest."

Notes on the State of Virginia By Thomas Jefferson | …

As Jefferson predicted, his comments about slavery proved controversial—his strictures on Virginia's constitution less so. Perhaps more scandalous were his irreverent statements about religion, for example, calling into question the Biblical flood, and remarking that "it does me no injury for my neighbour to say there are twenty gods, or no god. It neither picks my pocket nor breaks my leg." These overtly skeptical comments generated greater outrage among Christian believers than did his equally heterodox speculations about the separateness of blacks, although these were attacked by some religious and Enlightenment writers. While not a best seller, Notes received high praise and proved greatly influential, with large sections reprinted verbatim in numerous works (including The American Geography [1789] by Jedidiah Morse, who was perhaps his bitterest Federalist opponent). It remains in print in multiple editions, and stands as perhaps the single most important window into Jefferson's philosophy and character.

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