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Over the long run, our emotional ups and downs tend to balance.

(2000) suggest the existence of an endogenous stress regulatory system for females.

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Vasopressin and oxytocin in stress.

Longitudinal statistical models were used to examine whether depressive symptoms in one person were associated with similar scores in friends, co-workers, siblings, spouses and neighbors.

Tend and befriend : Biobehavioral bases of affiliation under stress. Current ...

The amygdala in the brain associates emotions like fear with certain situations
Causes of Anger

People generally become angry with friends and loved ones who commit wrongdoings, especially if they are willful, unjustified, and avoidable.
People are also angered by foul odors, high temperatures, traffic jams, and aches and pains.

Catharsis Hypothesis
Venting anger through action or fantasy achieves an emotional release or “catharsis.”

Expressing anger breeds more anger, and through reinforcement it is habit-forming.

Cultural and Gender Differences
Boys respond to anger by moving away from the situation, while girls talk to their friends or listen to music.
Anger breeds prejudice.

Estrogen modulation of oxytocin and its relation to behavior.

When I am faced with a seemingly insurmountable problem, I often go to my friends for help.

The effect of social transmission on real world voting was larger than the direct effect of the messages themselves, and nearly all the transmission occurred between "close friends" who were more likely to have a face-to-face relationship.

I can’t figure out why TT had the cap on the video camera while it was running? Was this on purpose? Was it to leave evidence for people to hear what happened to him? I think he had a death wish.
He was on a suicide mission. Whether consciously or unconsciously. And he knew that this is how he wanted to die. His letter even said that his death would make more of an impact to his ‘work’
Too bad he took his girlfriend with him.

Here, we show that this similarity extends to genotypes.

This violates the typical fight-or-flight response usually seen in men.

Interestingly, there was a shortened (Jesus was in the grave a full 72 hours), Friday to Sunday resurrection holiday to Osiris. A recent author wrote some of how a descent story about Ishtar and a descent story for Jesus became mixed:

There is only one possible explanation: After the annual high-day Sabbath, the feast day of the days of unleavened bread -- which was Thursday -- these women purchased and prepared their spices on FRIDAY, and then they rested on the weekly Sabbath, Saturday, according to the Commandment! (Exodus 20:11).

Bergemann suggested that she is perhaps an anomaly to the tend-and-befriend response.
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  • Women tend to nurture and men to withdraw when life gets hard.

    Oxytocin however has been found to counteract the effects of the stress response (McCarthy, 1995).Kendrick, et al.

  • A Unique Female Stress Response: Tend-and-Befriend

    The oxytocin inducted a short maternal response after thirty minutes and these results were later reproduced with mice.

  • Stress Response: Tend-and-Befriend ..

    (1995), oxytocin has been found to produce quite the opposite effects of the fight-or-flight response.

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Tend and Befriend – Experience Life

Most Christians today think Jesus died on a Friday and rose on Sunday. They point to Scriptures indicating a Sabbath day followed Jesus’ execution. But Sabbath-keepers claim it was not the weekly Sabbath of Saturday approaching. Rather, they say it was an annual Sabbath, a “high” holy day in the Hebrew calendar known as the Feast of Unleavened Bread, which supposedly occurred on a Thursday the week Jesus was killed. The Gospel of John mentions that Sabbath was the annual type.

Possible support for the tend–and–befriend hypothesis.

Oxytocin is the main basis for Taylor et al.'s (2000) tend-and-befriend model, and it is crucial to understand that although this hormone exists at different levels in men and women, this hormone also affects male behavior.

Tend and befriend - Howling Pixel

Rochester Institute of Technology Recently, a new stress response was proposed, called "tend-and-befriend." This response is supposed to be the female version of the classic "fight-or-flight" response in dealing with stress.

Tend-and-befriend is a behavior ..

Instead of fighting or running away from an enemy or stressful situation, women are said to generally tend to each other, making friends so as to face that stressor in a group. Although this may often be the case, I believe that this tend-and-befriend response depends primarily on what the specific stressor is and the type of person making the response.

2011 Tend and Befriend Theory - [PDF Document]

This decrease in testosterone levels reduces possible aggression toward infants, reduces distraction by courtship and mating, and facilitates paternal care and bonding to the infant (Clark & Galef, 2000).A decrease in testosterone levels in expectant and new fathers increases levels of oxytocin, a hormone linked to parental behavior.

Psychlopedia - tend-and-befriend model

Either way, I do not fit this model well. Because fight-or-flight and tend-and-befriend are caused by a hormonal cascade (testosterone and vasopressin in males, and estrogen and oxytocin in females), it makes sense that there is a large difference between genders.

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