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This page describes reference lists in APA:

This tool takes in the raw information - author, title, year of publication - and creates the reference in the correct form.

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For further advice see Section 9 References with missing details

New York: Prometheus Books.
For works in an another language, reference these in the same manner as an English language work but provide a translation.

The main titles of printed material and web pages are written in italics.

Available through: Anglia Ruskin University Library website
For an open access e-book freely available over the internet such as through Google books

The required elements for a reference are:

Author, Initials., Year.

with Sage.An in-text reference for the above examples would read:

The required elements for a book reference are:Author, Initials., Year.

For this the required elements for a reference are:

, Year of reporting (in square brackets where there is no volume, or round brackets as indicated by the reference you are using) abbreviation for the law reporting series, part number/case number/page reference if available.

Title of document or page, [type of medium]
Available at: include web site address/URL(Uniform Resource Locator)
[Accessed date]

An in-text reference for the above examples would read:

Where there are several locations, choose the UK one in preference to other.

For this reason it is best to avoid using secondary referencing.

The reference list at the end of your document should only contain works that you have read.

The original source of the data used in the table in Brown's book was the National Statistics Office, 1985.

If you quote from this table in the text of your essay - treat as secondary referencing:

The required elements for a reference are:Author, Initials., ed., Year.
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  • Available at: An in-text reference for the above examples would read:

    There's alongrun of references to Nias--a tip-off that Nias "wrote" the first fewpagesof this paper.

  • An in-text reference for the above example would read:

    Harvard referencing system

  • An in-text reference for the above example would read:

    Create customised interactive examples of APA references and in-text citations with this online tool.

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An in-text reference for the above examples would read:


In the reference at the end of your document, you should include details of both the chapter author followed by the details of the entire work

An in-text reference for the above examples would read:

following major pioneering research in 2006 undertaken by the Royal College of Nursing (RCN) it has been shown that ...

2nd citation:

Note that the full name is the preferred format in the reference list.

An in-text reference for the above examples would read:

These pages are provided as a guide to proper referencing. Your course, department, school, or institute may prescribe specific conventions, and their recommendations supersede these instructions. If you have questions not covered here, check in the style guide listed above, ask your course coordinator, or ask at .

Complete details should be included in the reference list.

If you need to cite a secondary reference it is recommended that, where possible, you read the original source for yourself rather than rely on someone else's interpretation of a work.

Title of web document or web page.

This view has been supported by Cormack (1994).
However, where you are mentioning a particular part of the work, and making direct or indirect reference to this, a page reference should be included:

The required elements for a reference are:Comment Author, Year.

267).
If you reproduce the table in your essay: replicate the whole table, and add a citation below the table to acknowledge where the table was found


Finally include the full details of the source, in this case the book in your reference list:

An in-text reference for the above examples would read:

To find the date of publication, reference to this might be found at the bottom of a web page relating to copyright, or from a date headline.


In this example the authorship would be BBC and the date 2016.

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