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Kelling’s seminal Broken Windows thesis, ..

Wilson, J., and G. Kelling (1982). "Broken Windows: The Police and Neighborhood Safety." Atlantic Monthly 249(3):29-38.

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Wilson and Kelling’s Broken Windows thesis.

Wilson and George advanced their "Broken Windows" theory of policing. It hasbecome known as "zero tolerance" policing in that it advocatesintolerance of all types of crime rather than only the most serious.

Kelling and Wilson's Broken Windows Theory

The broken windows theory originated from a 1982 article of the same name written by James Q. Wilson and George Kelling. They postulated that broken windows and other unchecked social and physical disorder are direct antecedents to criminal behavior. The article led to the development of popular broken windows policing or zero-tolerance policing strategies that targeted minor offenses, such as panhandling, public drunkenness, and vandalism as a mechanism to reduce more serious offenses. This style of policing has been credited with reducing crime in several major cities including New York City. Broken windows theory and the associated policing policies have been heavily criticized. Opponents of the theory argue that social and physical disorder are symptoms of the same underlying problems that lead to crime under a social disorganization theory framework, including poverty and high rates of residential mobility. Opponents of broken windows policing argue that it unfairly targets the homeless, the poor, and minorities.

FREE Essay on Wilson and Kelling's Article Broken Windows

The theory of broken windows, first articulated by Wilson and Kelling ..

The thesis offered by Wilson and Kelling in the article �Broken Windows� is that �we must return to our long-abandoned view that the police ought to protect communities as well as individuals� (Wilson 15).

Their analogy using broken windows is a good example of a way to ... endure for an hour or more a day is uncontrolled and uncontrollable, and that anyone can invade it to do whatever damage and mischief the mind suggests�� (Wilson 7).

An essay or paper on Wilson and Kelling's Article Broken Windows

Wilson & Kelling's "Broken Windows" Analysis - C Strayer

Isolated incidents of passive panhandling are usually a low police priority. In many jurisdictions, panhandling is not even illegal. Even where it is illegal, police usually tolerate passive panhandling, for both legal and practical reasons. Courts in some jurisdictions have ruled that passive panhandling is constitutionally protected activity. Police can reasonably conclude that, absent citizen complaints, their time is better spent addressing more serious problems. Whether panhandling and other forms of street disorder cause or contribute to more serious crime—the broken windows thesis—is hotly debated, but the debate is as yet unsettled. Panhandling becomes a higher police priority when it becomes aggressive or so pervasive that its cumulative effect, even when done passively, is to make passersby apprehensive. Panhandling is of greater concern to merchants who worry that their customers will be discouraged from patronizing their business. Merchants are most likely to call police when panhandling disrupts their commerce.,

A critique on Wilson and Kelling, entitled Broken Windows ..
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    This presentation examines the work of Wilson & Kelling, popularly known as the "Broken Window Theory."

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    Wilson, James Q. and George Kelling (1982). "Broken Windows." The Atlantic Monthly March: 29-38.

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